[3][6][7], A ratio of three female plants to one male plant is required for ideal fruit production. American Holly fruits and flowers (Ilex opaca). The branchlets are stout, green at first and covered with rusty down, later smooth and brown. Scientific Name: Ilex opaca The tree has a beautiful curl to its leaf, which makes for a wonderful display in groups. Water the plant heavily to seal soil around the roots and remove air pockets. When bearing fruit, Miss Courtney holly branches appear pendulous from the shear volumne of berries. Prices for Jersey Knight American Holly trees 3 to 8 inches with shipping included. It is a vigorous grower with a compact, upright habit. Not a "tree" in the typical sense, the plant is considered to be the best dwarf form of American Holly. Often, holly plants are named or marked in a way that indicates whether the holly produces male or female flowers. After all, as a yellow-berried American Holly, one could make any number of gold puns involving Captain Morgan. The Satyr Hill excels when used in screens, hedges, and even as an individual specimen. If the wreath hasn’t been sprayed, you can recycle it in your tea cup. It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the Atlantic Coast) from Massachusetts to West Virginia to Ohio to southeastern Missouri south to Texas and Florida. Winterberry holly is a native plant to the eastern United States and southeastern Canada, from Nova Scotia to Florida and west to Missouri. The Satyr Hill cultivar is one of the top five most popular varieties of female American Holly. We are so excited to stock the most gorgeous collection of dried and preserved flowers delivered to us weekly from the markets in Holland. Prices for Miss Courtney American Holly trees 3 to 8 inches with shipping included. The American Holly is widely known as the hardiest broadleaf evergreen. For me the best way to tell them apart is by the older leaves. Plant one plant for ever 2 linear feet. Thick, and slightly pyramidal in shape, the American Holly, Ilex opaca, provides shelter year-round, food for birds and pollinators and decorations for our houses — and is beautiful. Instead the origin of this holly is much less exciting. We also have balled and burlapped American Hollies available. We monitor national weather conditions and temperatures for shipments. This pyramidal tree features dense foliage and grows less than 12 inches annually, making it a slow-growing tree. The only exception to this rule is the Croonenburg Holly, which is allegedly monoecious (both male and female). When it comes to prized American Holly features, the cultivar is possibly the best all around cultivar. Named after Mr. Klein’s niece, today the holly is considered one of the best of the more than 1000 American Holly cultivars. Zone 5 to 9. April to June. The easiest way to identify a male holly from a female holly is to look for berries. Specimen plant, grouping; requires male and female for fruit set; there are too many superior hollies to justify extensive use of this species but the list of cultivars is endless; on the east coast and south this is a favored plant; again, do not use seedlings; use one of many superior cultivars. The Judy Evans holly was discovered by Theodore Klein in the Cave Hill Cemetery and Arboretum in 1940. A male pollinator must be nearby in order to produce the beautiful red berries we are all familiar with on female trees. Female flowers have 4 non-functional stamens. It can also be dyed and used as a substitute for ebony. Apply only one application of fertilizer a year. The branches are short and slender. Because its mature form is more akin to the native American Holly species, it is not as suited for use in screens and hedges. Cedar Waxwings will strip the trees of fruit if they are not already bare during their northward migration. Cultivated holly varieties will often be marketed with their gender equivalent tree. Examples of this practice are numerous, and put simply, the practice is amusing. On first glance of the name, one might believe the origin of this cultivar was rooted in piracy. Throughout history, the appeal of bright red berries and lusterous evergreen leaves drove the popularity of the English Holly. Grow it in a well-drained soil, but keep the soil moist. Reportedly cold-hardy to -20°F, the tree can reach heights of 20-30’ and grow 15-20' wide. Size: Up … The winter buds are brown, short, obtuse or acute. Male flowers stamens will have pollen-tipped anthers. This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… Prices for Jersey Princess American Holly trees 3 to 8 inches with shipping included. It will grow in both dry and swampy soil, but grows slowly. The tree has lustrous dark green leaves and handsome form. In these characteristics, the Judy Evans grades well. The leaves are alternate, 5–7.5 cm (2.0–3.0 in) long and 2–4 cm (0.79–1.57 in) wide, stiff, yellow green and dull matte to sub-shiny above (distinctly less glossy than the otherwise fairly similar European holly Ilex aquifolium[5]), often pale yellow beneath; the edges are curved into several sharp, spike-like points, and a wedge-shaped base and acute apex; the midrib is prominent and depressed, the primary veins conspicuous; the petiole is short, stout, grooved, thickened at base, with a pair of minute stipules. Inspite of numerous male cultivars released each year (Holly Society of America - Holly Cultivar Registrations), the Jersey Knight continues to be only consistently mentioned male cultivar. All cultivars that we sell are asexually propagated. This plant is shade tolerant. Male trees produce axillary clusters of 3-12 male flowers on peduncles about 1" long. Enjoys good, moist, loose, acidic, well-drained soil. At maturity, holly trees reach a height of 35 to 50 feet and a width of 15 to 25 feet. Description: Evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves. Place plant in hole and fill, compacting the fill dirt. It is considered to be a slow growing perennial evergreen. With great habit, heavy fruiting, and consistently-colored dark green foliage through winter, the holly was bred for its landscaping prowess. ], Ilex opaca is often cultivated by plant nurseries for use as a broadleaf evergreen ornamental plant, planted as a shrub or slower growing ornamental tree. It can also be dyed and used as a substitute for ebony. Possibly its only criticism is its more olive-green leaf color, which is more akin to the native species; however, this criticism is subjective, as many prefer the more native-like coloration. American Hollies grow on mountain tops, in river valleys, on flood plains, and along coastlines. Pollination is not dependent on having the marketed counterpart, and any male that flowers at roughly the same time as the female holly will act as a berry pollinator with few exceptions. The difference can be seen by examining both the center of the flowers and the stamens. This time-frame is normally within one week. Due to extensive cultivation of the American Holly by nurseryman and gardeners alike, there are currently over 1000 different cultivars, with more being patented every year (Holly Society of America).The tree is ridiculously tough. bushes and trees are a diverse group that serve many needs within the garden, as well as making colorful holiday decorations. Leaves (5-10 cm or 2-4 in) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath. Since that point, the Jersey Knight has become much more than the companion to a single cultivar. Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. Bark is smooth and light-gray. English holly (I. aquifolium), a tree growing to 15 metres (nearly 50 feet) tall, bears shining spiny dark evergreen leaves and usually red fruits. The American Holly is considered one of the most popular trees in the world. Jersey Knight - It is difficult to identify another comparably popular American Holly male cultivar. The calyx is small, four-lobed, imbricate in the bud, acute, margins ciliate, persistent. The Edward J. Stevens holly is often marketed as the male companion cultivar to the Nellie R. Stevens holly; however, the two plants are distinct cultivars - i.e. For a hedge or privacy screen, plant your American Hollies about five feet apart. Prior to their arrival, American Holly leaves had been used by Native Americans to make tea to treat cough, and berries had been used to make buttons. If at any time your order must be delayed for weather concerns, we will advise you by phone. American Holly is dioecious, forming male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers on separate trees. Branches covered with bright red fruit attract mockingbirds, robins, and other birds. We ship via Priority Mail from zip-code 37378 and DO NOT ship plants west of the Rocky Mountains. arenicola, or scrub holly, is found as a shrub component in xeric scrub habitats of the Florida peninsula. It was discovered at the New Jersey home of Judge Thomas Brown in 1945 and at maturity can grow up to 30’ tall. The Nellie R. Stevens & Edward J. Stevens hollies are an excellent example of this concept. Prices for Satyr Hill American Holly trees 3 to 8 inches with shipping included. American Holly will grow in nearly all soils. If you see berries, your job is done. Native specimens found throughout the Appalachian Mountains have been found to withstand temperatures of -10°F, while cultivated varieties have been naturalized in Ohio down to -20°F. Flowers are small and white with four rounded petals, present April-June. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta), which has distinctively shaped leaves and is smaller in stature. The holly slowly forms a very wide mound in its habit, and only begrudgingly grows taller than 3’ in height. Flower Description: The American Holly is dioecious (male and female flowers are on separate trees). Ilex opaca, the American holly, is a species of holly, native to the eastern and south-central United States, from coastal Massachusetts south to central Florida, and west to southeastern Missouri and eastern Texas.[3][4]. In the photo shown above, you can see four small yellow protrusions extending from the center of the flower. Berry-like, dull red rounded drupe, fruit is borne singly on .25" long stalks, maturing in October and persisting into winter. Does not tolerate poor drainage under cultivation. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. The larger the plant the faster the area will fill in. The stamens surrounding the ovary on the female flower are non-functional and will not have pollen-tipped anthers. Planting: Plant your American Holly tree in an area that receives full to partial sunlight (4 to 8 hours of sunlight per day). The holly was introduced in 1942 by Earle Dilatush of Bunting Nursery in New Jersey. *Spotlight cultivars have been ranked on a scale of 1-5 for top holly attributes by Boyd Nursery Company nurserymen (5 being the best). The tree has a slow to medium growth rate. And, while holly tea is fine and dandy — for most, he says with envy — let me remind you: Don’t eat the berries. This range of habitats and conditions means the American Holly does not take great risks in its habit of growth. These evergreen leaves are 2 to 4 inches long and less than 2 inches wide. These species are Yerba mate (I. paraguariensis), Ilex guayusa, Kuding (Ilex kaushue), Yaupon (I. vomitoria) and others. That means it stays green year-round, with no need for replanting every year, as with annuals. Some nurseries or suppliers sell only female-flowering hollies. The corolla is white, with four petal-like lobes united at the base, obtuse, spreading, hypogynous, imbricate in bud. [3][7], Leaves from the American holly can be used to make a tea-like beverage. Registered by the Holly Society in 1970, the cultivar was named for the road on which the nursery is located - Satyr Hill. Due to extensive cultivation of the American Holly by nurseryman and gardeners alike, there are currently over 1000 different cultivars, with more being patented every year (Holly Society of America). Its typical adult size is 7-8’ tall with a 3-4’ spread over ten years. It is pollution tolerant. There is not a single male American Holly cultivar more popular or well-known than the Jersey Knight. Size - 5cm x 10.5cm Dies by Chloe are all made from high quality steel with a special coating to … [9]The ideal yearly precipitation average for the species ranges from 102 cm to 165 cm. Today the popularity of the American Holly is as strong as ever. English holly and American holly are used as ornamental Christmas greens. American Holly is native to this country. Holly trees feature simple alternate leaves that are oval in shape and which feature points along the edges. In the event that berries are not present, the only scientific way to confirm a holly’s sex is by studying its flowers. Some other notable pairs are Jersey Princess & Jersey Knight, Emily Bruner & James Swan, Blue Princess & Blue Prince, and Blue Maid & Blue Stallion. Individual male flowers are about ¼" across, consisting of a short green calyx with 4 lobes, 4 greenish white or yellowish white petals, and 4 stamens. For a quote on larger quantities, please call or email us. We have temporarily closed our dried flower shop to concentrate on our Christmas Collection. Ilex opaca is a medium-sized broadleaved evergreen tree growing on average to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall, and up to 30 m (98 ft) tall. ; Chinese holly (I. cornuta) is one of the few types of holly shrubs that can actually produce berries without male pollination.These berries vary in color from red, dark orange to yellow. The tree also reproduces the "old fashioned way;" male and female flowers are produced on separate plants (dioecious reproduction). It is included in the dicot (dicotyledonous) family category. A typical specimen will be about 2’ tall and 10’ wide after ten years. This particular cultivar was found as a volunteer seedling and developed originally at McLean Nurseries in Towson, Maryland by Stewart McLean. Infloreescence is staminate a cyme, and pistillate single. Leaves of other species, such as gallberry (I. glabra) are bitter and emetic. The Holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a compact pyramid shape. Leaves are alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptic, and 1.5-3.5" long and half as wide. It is a deer-resistant tree. The tree makes a wonderful (and interesting) foundational shrub. It can be found in most local nurseries and garden centers. Holly is a popular winter Christmas and holiday season decoration. The American holly leaves tend to have a dark appearance and a more matte finish. The sap is watery, and contains a bitter substance used as an herbal tonic. The berries are reputedly poisonous to humans, but are important survival food for birds, who will eat the berries after other food sources are exhausted. It has greenish-white flowers bloom April-June (male flowers in 3-12 flowered clusters and female flowers solitary or in 2's or 3's). The tree can be difficult to train into having a central leader, but if special attention is given, the tree will have a strong pyramidal form. The tree is also not picky in terms of soil requirements. Ilex Opaca – American Holly. American Holly leaf – oblong-elliptic, spine-toothed or entire, leathery matte, dark green leaves. Over 1,000 cultivars have been selected, including plants selected for cold tolerance ('Cobalt', a male cultivar, is able to tolerate temperatures as low as −32 °C), growth form (e.g. The pistil on female flowers has a superior ovary, four-celled, rudimentary in staminate flowers; style wanting, stigma sessile, four-lobed; ovules one or two in each cell. If planted in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to 100 years or longer. Because all hollies are dioecious (either male or female), any holly sporting berries during the winter, will be female. These attractive, broad-leaf evergreen trees grow 15-50’ tall. Introduced by Dr. Elwin Orton of Rutgers University who registered the tree in 1965, the tree was marketed as the gender companion of the Jersey Princess. Discovered by J. M. Morgan and Mrs. T. A. Dar on Morgan Farm in Rowan Township, North Carolina in 1902, the holly was later introduced officially in 1959.