American Entomologist 55: 228–233. A graphic novel, Natsu Yume Nagisa (ナツユメナギサ, by SAGA PLANETS), went on sale in 2009 and is an emotional romantic graphic novel. It’s considered bad luck to kill a white butterfly because those hold the souls of deceased children. Subsequently, a deceased female appears before him and explains that blue butterflies are human souls and dangerous for the world. Faculty of Education, University of Fukui, Fukui City, 910-8507 Japan. Favoured as a family emblem or crest in Japan. Spreading knowledge and geekiness (not necessarily in that order). Dunn (2000) indicated that famous Japanese poets in the Edo period (1603–1868) wrote their works, haiku, using butterflies, dragonflies, cicadas, crickets, grasshoppers, and fireflies as their subject matter. Furthermore, Shipley & Bixler (2017) demonstrated that modern American people are generally friendly towards butterflies as revealed in an interview with 60 participants, in the age range of 18 to 50 years. Butterfly Articles, Butterfly Color Meaning, Myths, Symbology and Superstitions. In Hopi mythology, the butterfly also played an important role and its Symbology was used throughout Hopi ritual and was a common feature on prehistoric pottery. Japanese Emperor Genus POLYURA: Powerful butterflies which belong to the Subfamily CHARAXINAE, found in Asia and the Australian region. The main character, Tōru Naitō, always suffers from a nightmare. 5), and a bluish butterfly slowly flies around in the opening movie of the game. Nazari, V. & Evans, L. (2015) Butterflies of ancient Egypt. Early Europeans believed that the human soul took the form of a butterfly so, they viewed the butterfly with great respect and often with fear. Pp. In the Blackfoot tribe of North America, there is a myth in which butterflies are spreaders of sleep and dreams (Cherry, 2005; Prischmann et al., 2009). In festivals that target one group of insects, 31% focus on butterflies, followed by 4% on dragonflies and honeybees, and 3% on caterpillars and blackflies. Furthermore, butterflies have been said to be insects indicating an ominous sign in ancient Japan. There are two societies, The Butterfly Society of Japan and The Butterfly Science Society of Japan, studying only butterflies, separate from The Lepidopterological Society of Japan, although in most cases only one society for Lepidoptera has been established in any given country. She can appear in the dreams of various people. Pp. She is half-Japanese, a witch, and a lush and mysterious girl. [in Japanese]. In Japan, similar to the symbolism of Cupid and Psyche, the soul is like a butterfly and love is the power that transforms. Hogue, L.C. MacRae, J. I. American Entomologist 57: 82–85. Insects in Popular Culture. Cafe Stella to Shinigami no Chou (喫茶ステラと死神の蝶, Kissa Stera to Shinigami no Chou; by Yuzusoft) went on sale in 2019, which is a romantic fantasy graphic novel. As mentioned above, after all, butterflies are described in this paper as spiritual insects. How to Say Butterfly in Different Languages. That little butterfly was her soul. Just then, a green butterfly appeared before them and took them to a dream world. (2009) Visual Guidebook of Boku no Te no Naka no Rakuen. So, what do present-day Japanese people think about butterflies? [in Japanese]. Once they found her ribbon, they returned to the real world. In a Japanese animation movie, A Silent Voice (映画 聲の形, Eiga Koe no Katachi; by Kyoto Animation), in 2016, the soul of the heroin’s grandmother transformed into a white butterfly after her death and flew to the heroin in order to see her again in the funeral ceremony (Miyanoshita, 2019). Chinese mythology (simplified Chinese: ... Japanese mythology and many others. Because of this, babies people often present with a small depiction of a butterfly at bedtime, along with a lullaby invoking Butterfly for sweet dreams. A powerful flier. What did older Japanese people traditionally think about butterflies? These butterflies represent a mild day in spring. Its story is set on the Eternal Summer Island existing in a dream of the heroine, Ayumu Nanase. Ronsōsha, Tokyo. Oni Uta (鬼が来たりて、甘えさせろとのたもうた, Oni ga Kitarite, Amaesasero to Notamouta; by 130cm) went on sale in 2003 and is a strange romantic graphic novel. Insects in Popular Culture. In this way, butterflies often become spiritual mediums in order to charge magical powers released by female characters in the Akihabara Culture. That white butterfly was her sweet and loving soul." Canadian Journal of Environment Education 13: 11–29. Akinosuke recounts his dream. Insects 5. Jive, Tokyo. Hvenegaad (2016) recognized 81 insect festivals in North America through a web-based research study in 2015. The main characters included one elder brother and twelve younger sisters that loved him very much. [in Japanese]. Therefore, the ritual "dance of butterflies", expressing the joy of life, traditionally opens a solemn processions and celebrations here. Proceedings of the Netherlands Entomological Society meeting 15: 9–14. Butterfly is a leading table tennis gear and sportswear manufacturer. In some Chinese folktales, it has been said that the soul of the dead becomes a butterfly and returns to their lover (Segawa, 2016). Researchers assume that the name of the butterfly … the description is the meaning and history write-up for the name; separate search terms with spaces; search for an exact phrase by surrounding it with double quotes. Ancient Egyptian royalty in Fate/Grand Order. American Entomologist 65: 97–106. People feared the pupa of B. alcinous due to similarities in its appearance with that of a woman tied up with her hands behind her back (Fig. Both cultures have added them to manuscripts, paintings and drawings for centuries. Butterfly Legends & Lore Legendary butterfly stories, Mythology, supersitions and Butterfly Folklore from various cultures around the world. However, the study of Chinese mythology tends to focus upon material in Chinese language. In the opening movie of the game, a blue and gaudy butterfly weirdly flies around, while sometimes getting caught in a cobweb. (2009) Insect myths: an interdisciplinary approach fostering active learning. One of the popular characters, Nōhime, is a voluptuous and mysterious lady who is called “a butterfly accompanying her husband, like Satan”. 2). Komazawa-kokubun 25: 63–74. They deeply love cherry blossoms and prodigiously drink liquor around the roots of trees every spring because flowers open for only about ten days in April. In Aztec and Mayan mythology, the god of fire Xiutecutli is represented as a butterfly. [1] Orthoptera is the order of insects that includes grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets. One day his sister and nephew went to see him and found him mortally ill. As old Takahama fell asleep, a little white butterfly flew around the old man's face and rested on the pillow. In the Akihabara Culture, butterflies are often given a similar role. Preston-Mafham, K. (2004) Insects and Other Invertebrates. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 68: 223–231. I have previously discussed rhinoceros beetles and fireflies appearing in Akihabara Culture (Hoshina & Takada, 2012; Hoshina, 2018c). Japanese art, culture, mythology, and folklore all reflect a deep and inherent love of nature. 8). Journal of Geek Studies 5: 19–40. In fact, the director of Boku no Te no Naka no Rakuen commented that he used butterflies to generate a negative feeling and a dramatic impact in the game (Jive Editorial Department, 2009). The Greek coddess Psyche, who represents the soul, has been illustrated with butterfly’s wings (Tüzün, 2015). 12–34. Butterfly Videos   |    White Butterfly Symbolism and Superstitions, Native American Butterfly Mythology The nephew was annoyed and three times tried to shoo it away; still the butterfly appeared determined to be near old Takahama. The Butterfly Lovers is a Chinese legend of a tragic love story of a pair of lovers, Liang Shanbo (梁山伯) and Zhu Yingtai (祝英台), whose names form the title of the story.The title is often abbreviated to Liang Zhu (梁祝).. On the contrary, most erstwhile Japanese people felt that butterflies, especially the common species Paplio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767 (the Asian swallowtail) and Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758) (the small cabbage white), were tedious, yet beautiful, because they are multivoltine,[2] and adults emerge from spring to autumn (Hoshina, 2018a). Therefore, I have focused the discussion on butterflies in this paper. & Nelson, J.C. (2018) Communicating entomology with Pokémon. One day, chimerical mad people appear in a town on the island and commit murders. Generally, foreign researchers thought that Japanese people traditionally have a favorable disposition towards insects (Hogue, 1987; Dunn, 2000). 226–256. Dicke, M. (2004) From Venice to Fabre: insects in western art. In the spring, summer, and autumn, he always brought fresh flowers; in winter, he plaved evergreen boughs on her tomb. Her ornament is blue butterfly-shaped (Fig. [in Japanese], Jive Editorial Department. The heroine, Supika Otobe, is a beautiful girl from a very rich family; however, she seldom takes a meal and mainly absorbs men’s energy for her survival. (2017) Beautiful bugs, bothersome bugs, and fun bugs: examining human interactions with insects and other arthropods. However, Japanese people loved fireflies and singing Orthoptera[1] more than butterflies before World War II (Hoshina, 2017a, 2018b), likely due to their limited seasonal appearance. 1). One of the main characters, Kо̄sei Takamine, is run over by a car and dies soon after the start of the story. Pp. Wyman, C.L. Das offensiv orientierte, 5-schichtige PETR KORBEL ist für alle Spielsituationen geeignet. (1988) Butterflies among various cultures. The butterfly is also associated with the fire of the gods, the dealan-dhe', which is the magical flame appearing in the needfire, or in the Beltane balefire. However, he can turn back the clock to before the traffic accident through a strange power of a blue butterfly. Fatal Frame II: Crimson Butterfly (零. They were probably the first insects to be collected purely for their beauty (Preston-Mafham, 2004). The Kojiki is the oldest surviving account of Japan’s myths, legends, and history. Hiraga, E. (2000) The Folklores of Vampires. (2007) Butterfly chronicles: imagination and desire in natural & literary histories. The mother closed her eyes and smiled knowingly. Dunn, R.R. Oni (demons) and yurei (ghosts) have played a role in Japanese culture for thousands of years, and stories of new spirits continue to be told today. Dr. Hideto Hoshina is an entomologist working on the taxonomy of soil beetles. Cherry, R. (2005) Magical insects. An unusual Reploid of unknown background, he is a prototype equipped with advanced circuitry and has the unique ability to absorb scrap from other Reploids to power himself up. Looking for ways to say butterfly in other languages? A common legend involves the Quetzalcoatl, a serpend god who is said to have entered the world in the shape of a chrysalis, painfully emerging into the full light of perfection, which the butterfly symbolized. As he is faithful to Akiko in life, so she is faithful to him in death. The serpent, dubbed "Naga" in Hindu mythology was confronted by Lord Krishna to whom Kaliya Naga had to surrender. (Ed.) In the ending of a Japanese TV animation, This Ugly yet Beautiful World (この醜くも美しい世界, romanized as Kono Minikuku mo Utsukushii Sekai; by Gainax), in 2004, a scene of numerous red butterflies was shown, representing souls of all lives before birth, flying into the universe from Earth. The roles of butterflies in the three cases above were to emphasize the weird atmosphere in each fictional world. Kim, Y.; Kim, S.S.; Agrusa, J. Thus, butterflies have been used to represent the souls of the deceased individuals worldwide. A Shoshone Butterfly Legend Takahama would tend to her grave. American Entomologist 62: 235–240. Butterflies have been used by the Chinese and Japanese cultures for centuries as symbols of joy and the essence of happiness. (2007) Thirty-foot telescoping nets, bug collecting video games, and beetle pests: entomology in modern Japan. Moreover, although butterflies often appear in many worldwide mythologies (for example, Wyman & Bailey, 1964; Shinoda, 2018), they are not described in the Japanese myths (Hoshina, 2017b). By contrast, butterflies described in this paper are thought to be particularly meaningful with respect to cultural entomology, because they act on characters, stories, and atmospheres of fictional works. And she didn't leave until his soul left to be with her.". American Entomologist 46: 228–236. Butterflies in Chinese poetries in Edo period. Tasogare no Folclore (黄昏のフォルクローレ; by Citrus), released in 2019, is a bizarre graphic novel set during the Japanese modern monarchical period (1868–1945). Moreover, the logo of a Korean airplane company, Jin Air, is a butterfly (there are no butterfly logos for Japanese airplane companies). [in Japanese]. A Papago Butterfly Legend The Vampire: a Casebook. In contrast, at present, many Japanese people recognize the beauty of butterflies, and many amateurs enthusiastically collect butterfly specimens. The TV animation series Sister Princess, by Zexcs Inc., was broadcasted in 2001. She searched for butterflies having memories of her older twin sister, Ai, who is in a death-like state (Fig. Apart from that, there is a strange tradition in Japan that butterflies eat human flesh (Imai, 1978). In: Robert, G.F. & Adler P.H. Moreover, butterfly-shaped monsters sometimes appear in a variety of video games, including role-playing games, such as Pokémon, and entries in the series Dragon Quest and Disgaea (Hoshina, 2013; Kittel, 2018; Schmidt-Jefferus & Nelson, 2018). Adachi, R. (1995) Transformations of butterfly figure: from a Greek myth of Psyche to M. Butterfly. There are many symbolic meanings associated with the butterfly. Elves, spirits of air, which came from the Norwegian mythology, were being represented as small people with wings of a butterfly. that is often associated with butterflies. Hisahide Matsunaga is a character in the animation The Ambition of Oda Nobuna (織田信奈の野望, Oda Nobuna no Yabō; by Studio Gokumi and Madhouse), which was broadcasted in 2012 and set in the Japanese Civil War period in the 16th century. Email: hhoshina (at) f-edu.u-fukui (dot) ac (dot) jp. 152–168. Kozai, Y. Additionally, the 3D Korean animation Larva (TUBAn Co., 2006), in which main characters are caterpillars, is very popular and has been broadcasted in Japan since 2013. Hoshina, H. (2017a) The prices of singing Orthoptera as pets in the Japanese modern monarchical period. In: Hoshina, H. & Miyanoshita, A. 7). The butterfly is also a symbol of woman's delicacy. Entomological Research 38: S79–S85. Unlike most of Western culture, Japanese tend to see themselves as a part of nature rather than separate from it. In addition, Europe has bizarre regional folklore combining butterflies and vampires; in Romania, a type of vampire, nosferat, can transform into a butterfly, black cat, black dog, and a straw, while in that of the Mari people in Volga Basin, the buber vampire transforms itself into a butterfly and escapes from its own mouth if its body is set on fire (Hiraga, 2000). Love defines Takaham in death as in life. The main character, Akito Mimasaka, is the heir of a shrine, who is stabbed and killed by a thief soon after the start of the story. Check out our list for saying butterfly in different languages. (Eds.) Imai, A. American Entomologist 64: 159–164. Hoshina, H. (2013) Cultural Entomology in Akihabara Culture. I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to Mr. Kohei Watanabe and Mr. Hirokazu Fukutomi (Ishikawa Insect Museum, Japan) for offering me a photograph. Shinoda, C. (2018) Insects in Myths All Over the World. Hoshina, H. & Takada, K. (2012) Cultural coleopterology in modern Japan: the rhinoceros beetle in Akihabara Culture. According to Lafcadio Hearn, a butterfly was seen in Japan as the personification of a person's soul; whether they be living, dying, or already dead. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 13: 357–377. On the island, there is a piece of folklore saying that butterflies can travel between different worlds and bring mad persons from the mountains into town. Also learn about the spiritual meaning and symbolism. The history of thousands of years of contact with China, Korea, Ainu, and Okinawan myths are also key influences in Japanese mythology. This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI, Grant Number JP18K00254. Find more Japanese words at! Japanese words for butterfly include バタフライ, 蝶, 蝶々, 蝴蝶 and 蝶蝶. 3). In Japanese culture, butterflies have a slew of meanings. In: Dundes, A. Die "Made In Japan" Hölzer sind für gewöhnlich etwas härter und schneller. In addition, during the Edo period, the pupa of Byasa alcinous (Klug, 1836) (the Chinese windmill) was called okiku-mushi, a name derived from a woman put to death, Miss Okiku, and became a model of a monster appearing in a famous Japanese ballad drama, Banshū Sarayashiki (播州皿屋敷). Ethnoentomology 2: 14–19. Butterfly flight in THE dream world and connection to THE real world. [in Japanese]. This must be the first day that he has missed tending to her tomb in over sixty years! In the opening movie of the novel, a cloud of pale butterflies flies around the dark blue skies. Watch Queue Queue [in Japanese]. University of New Mexico Publications in Anthropology 12: 1–157. Kawahara, A.Y. Tsukiji-shokan, Tokyo. Butterflies are not only the embodiment of beauty but are also still viewed as mysterious and sinister insects for many Japanese people. Yumei appears as many pale butterflies in Kei’s dream to inform her of the approaching dangers. "Many years ago old Takahama was hopelessly in love with a beautiful girl named Akiko, and they became engaged, but she died before the wedding day. Segawa, C. (2016) Strange Folktales about Insects in China. A graphic novel, Manatsu no Yoru no Yuki Monogatari (真夏の夜の雪物語; by Ex-One), went on sale in 2011 and is a romantic fantasy graphic novel. In the end, she sees her deceased lover in her dream, and a cloud of butterflies disappears entering into her body (Fig. Hoshina, H. (2017b) Reevaluation of the view of insects held by the Japanese in Kojiki and Nihonshoki. One day, he meets a mysterious girl, Arisu Toriumi, in his dream. moth mythology japan, Morph Moth, known in Japan as Metamor Mothmeanos (メタモル・モスミーノス. 紅い蝶, Zero: Akai Chou; by Tecmo), released in 2003, is a horror video game where the main characters are the sisters Mayu and Mio Amakura. Bulletin of Mimasaka Women’s College and Mimasaka Junior College 40: 29–35. Pp. 3, Insects. There is a tendency to consider butterflies as spiritual insects in both the Akihabara Culture and around the world (Cherry, 2011). In mythology, the butterfly is rarely distinguished from the moth, so since the moth is irrevocably drawn to a flame, both are related to Fire. Hoshina, H. (2018b) The prices of fireflies during the Japanese modern monarchical period. Many blue butterflies fly laughing in a low voice all over the island. Schmidt-Jefferus, A.R. Of all insects appearing in the Akihabara Culture, only butterflies and fireflies can play these roles (Hoshina, 2018a, 2018c). Most men die soon after they are deprived of energy by her. A series of action games, Samurai Warriors (戦国無双, Sengoku Musō; by Koei), is set during the Japanese Civil War in the 16th century, and its first product went on sale in 2004. As such, B. alcinous is still regarded as a weird insect. Fuji 2: 46–73. However, a villainous soldier, Papillon, under Hades, released many butterflies and tried to force Athena’s soldiers into the underworld with these butterflies. (2008b) Current status and perspective of the insect industry in Korea. "What was the name of the grave?" Enter your email address to follow us and receive notifications of new articles by email. The novel is set in a small rural island. 6). She can suddenly teleport from a faraway place, accompanied by many golden-yellow butterflies, to confuse her enemies. As mentioned in the introduction above, older Japanese individuals prefer fireflies and singing Orthoptera, rather than butterflies. The heroine, Arnice (アーナス), is a holy knight, who leaves for a battlefield filled with monsters on an order from the holy Pope. [in Japanese]. Tüzün, A. Saint Seiya (聖闘士星矢, also known as Knights of the Zodiac in some places) was a popular Japanese comic book in the 1980s and had a Greek mythology motif. American Entomologist 53: 161–172. For instance, in Chinese mysticism, it epitomizes eternal life. Taishūkan-shoten, Tokyo. Bulletin of the Itami City Museum of Insects 5: 1–10. However, butterflies described in this paper have another point-of-view from the butterfly-shaped monsters in cultural entomology. Butterflies and moths.