Systems have normal and pathological states. From the functionalist perspective, if all goes well, the parts of society produce order, stability, and productivity. George Murdoch, Talcott Parsons, Ronald Fletcher, Young and Willmott are the main theorists who have functionalist perspectives on the family. Firstly is the functions that the family provides and secondly is the functional relationship between the family and other social systems i.e. 2A. 3. as the functionalist, conflict and finally the symbolic interactionist perspectives, it will include a critical evaluation on each perspective, with reference to the sociological canon. Social interactionist perspectives on the family examine how family members and intimate couples interact on a daily basis and arrive at shared understandings of their situations. 50 pages of revision notes covering all of the sub-topics within families and households; mind maps in pdf and png format – 9 in total, covering perspectives on the family; short answer exam practice questions and exemplar answers – 3 examples of the 10 mark, ‘outline and explain’ question. How do Functionalist and Marxist perceptions of the family differ? Professor P. Verified writer. on the same note the Functionalist view drastically over emphasizes the harmonious nature of society. According to functionalism, society is a system of interconnected parts that work together in harmony to maintain a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole. A Marxist perspective of the family saw the family as a means of production and cheap labour whereby they are influenced by capitalism in a capitalist society. The functionalist framework is identified by the form of explanation that is used rather than a particular set of substantive ideas. Economic – family provides for its members. They believe society is based on a conflict between the classes - working class and ruling class. The functionalist perspective continues to try and explain how societies maintained the stability and internal cohesion necessary to ensure their continued existence over time. 12.3A: The Functionalist Perspective Last updated; Save as PDF Page ID 8304; The Family; Functions of the Family; Key Points; Key Terms; Learning Objectives. The Functionalist View of the Family It is undoubted that functionalism has contributed to the general understanding of the family, even if you don’t believe the functionalist view-point to be correct, it still plays an essential part in the topic of sociology by simply being there to conflict the Marxist view of the family. Marxists identified three main functions which they saw as a way for the family to fulfil for capitalism. Verified writer. The Marxists regard stratification as a divisive rather than an integrative structure. Murdock conducted a study entitled Social Structure in 1949 . Essential building block Top down 'structuralist' theory Positive Role of the Nuclear 4.9 (345) Sweet V. Verified writer. The anthropologist G.P. The functionalist perspective is rooted in the work of Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) and gives the view of society as an organism in which each part functions in a certain way to ensure the stability of the whole. Analyze the family from the perspective of conflict theory. On the other hand, divorce is not always dysfunctional. Functionalist, Marxist and Feminist views of the family Functionalist, Marxist and Feminist views of the family Question 1 Marxists are critical of the family and society. A structural functionalist view of gender inequality applies the division of labor to view predefined gender roles as complementary: women take care of the home while men provide for the family. The Functionalist perspective has since been criticised for what not taking into account the dark side of society and the theme of social deviance and isolation. Social world was viewed in systemic terms. Functionalists see the nuclear family as essential for social order. Social interactionist perspectives on the family examine how family members and intimate couples interact on a daily basis and arrive at shared understandings of their situations. Marxism A Marxist perspective of the family saw the family as a means of production and cheap labour whereby they are influenced by capitalism in a capitalist society. In the process, the children become law-abiding, taxpaying citizens who support the state. In the functionalist perspective, societies are thought to function like organisms, with various social institutions working together like organs to maintain and reproduce them. Functionalists view the family and its contribution to society as positive, whereas Marxits see it as a negative institution. Top writers . When analysing the family, the functionalists focus on two main areas. 4.9 (984) Marvellous. Broadly speaking, the functionalist perspective has focused on the functions of the family in society and for its members. abuse, neglect and violence through male domination. The conflict perspective views the family as a vehicle to maintain patriarchy (gender inequality) and social inequality in society. In fact, the Marxist perspective provides a radical alternative to the functionalist views of the nature of social stratification. As such, we find func-tional arguments (or logic) in such areas as biology, sociology, political science, anthropology, and history, as well as family studies. In other words, it looks at how the family, as an institution, helps in maintaining order and stability in society, and the significance of the family for its individual members. The view of both conflict perspective and functionalist perspective as it refers to the family. Functionalist perspective is one of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology. The functionalist perspective of gender inequality was most robustly articulated in the 1940s and 1950s, and largely developed by Talcott Parsons’ model of the nuclear family. The functionalist perspective is based largely on the works of Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton. They view it as providing adequate socialisation and economic support essential for cohesion. Divorce can represent a potential threat to social stability, whereas marriage contributes to social stability. The functionalist perspective examines how the family is related to other parts of society, especially how it contributes to the well-being of society. The family relies on the school to help children grow up to have good jobs so they can raise and support their own families. In this respect, the main theoretical question addressed by sociologists working within the Functionalist perspective is that of: How do social systems ("societies") hold together? be familiar with functionalist views on the allocation role of education and training; understand the views of those who maintain that education performs a positive vocational function for society; be able to assess functionalist approaches to the role of education and training. Key Points. Functionalist Socialization, Family and Character* Abstract: According to functionalism, the family internalizes and transmits society's supposed value consensus from one generation to the next, and such socialization ex- plains morality, social order, and cultural uniformities. 9 essays/ essay plans spanning all the topics within the families and households topic. The functionalist perspective of gender inequality was most robustly articulated in the 1940s and 1950s, and largely developed by Talcott Parsons' model of the nuclear family. Moreover, The Functionalist writers mentioned in this answer ignore the dark side of family life; the divorce, child abuse, arguments and so on and so forth. 4.7 (239) HIRE verified writer. modern/contemporary structural perspective. • Parsons functionalist perspective on primary socialisation and the stabilisation of adult personalities. The system had needs and requisites to be met to assure survival 2. It is seen as a mechanism whereby some exploit others, rather than as a means of furthering goals. From the functionalist perspective, changes that threaten the stability of families can also threaten to fracture social norms and society at large. Functionalist Perspective on Family Meeting The significant event I have chosen to observe using my new sociological lenses from a functionalist perspective is our family meeting due to preparations for Aunty Mal’s 21st birthday party. the economy. Systems need system equilibrium and homeostasis. Students should be able to: • identify, describe and explain the functions of families (sexual, reproductive, economic and educational) • describe, compare and contrast a variety of sociological perspectives on the functions of families (functionalist, feminist and Marxist). HISTORICAL CONTEXT Legacy of the early functionalist's work 1. The Functionalist perspective is a form of Structuralist sociology and, as such, we can initially characterise it as a form of macro sociological theorising. It was later presented in the work of Émile Durkheim, who developed a full theory of organic solidarity, again informed by positivism, or the quest for "social facts". Studies grounded in social interactionism give us a keen understanding of how and why families operate the way they do. Parsons image of the cereal packet family has failed to take account of family diversity and abuse within the family. The Functionalist Perspective on the Family Posted on February 9, 2014 by Karl Thompson Functionalists focus on the positive functions of the nuclear family, such as secondary socialisation and the stabilisation of adult personalities The Functionalist View of the Family. Studies grounded in social interactionism give us a keen understanding of how and why families operate the way they do. 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